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Ten African Countries With the Weakest Governments

Ten African Countries With the Weakest Governments

Africa’s growth for years has been marred by several socioeconomic and political complications. One such issue has been the prevalence of sub-par leadership. While the continent seems to be on an upward trend on almost every metric, there is no denying the fact that some of the continent’s most nagging issues persist.

The detrimental effects of a weak internal government are profound and multifaceted, impacting every facet of a nation’s existence.

One of the concerns of a weak government is the economic challenges that come as a result, which often leads to crime and corruption.

Without a stable economic foundation, a nation may find itself unable to provide essential services to its citizens, exacerbating poverty and widening socioeconomic disparities.

But perhaps, the biggest problem that results from a weak government is the threat to the lives and freedoms of a people. Some of the security concerns include inefficient law enforcement agencies, porous borders, and rampant corruption.

There is also the pain of social unrest as a weak government is often faced with this. Simply put the inadequate provision of basic services such as health care, education, and infrastructure can fuel grievances among the populace, leading to protests, strikes, and civil disobedience.

With that said here are the countries with the weakest governments according to the Fragile States Index (FSI).

This index which ranks 178 countries based on the different pressures they face that impact their levels of fragility, shows that while several African countries are faced with the effects of having a weak central government, some thrive in this regard.

The Index, which assesses central government weakness, is created using The Fund for Peace’s proprietary Conflict Assessment System Tool (CAST) analytical approach.

Given that this list index rates the weakest central administrations, a country’s lower index indicates a stronger government, while a higher index denotes a weak government.

RankCountryFragility indexGlobal fragility rank
2.South Sudan108.53rd
3.Democratic Republic of Congo107.24th
5.Central Africa Republic105.78th


As mentioned earlier, the Fragile States Index is based on a conflict assessment framework, known as “CAST.”

The CAST framework, which is still frequently used by policymakers, field practitioners, and local community networks, was first created to test this vulnerability and evaluate how it may affect field initiatives.

To assess a state’s current situation, twelve conflict risk indicators are employed, they include; security apparatus, factionalized elites, group grievance, economic decline, uneven economic development, human flight and brain drain, state legitimacy, public services, human rights and rule of law, demographic pressures, refugees and IDPs, and external intervention.

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