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Mozambique Improves on US Agency MCC’s International Indicators

Mozambique Improves on US Agency MCC’s International Indicators

Mozambique improved in the international indicators analysed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), going from nine negatives in the previous year to five, in the assessment released this Wednesday, November 8, by the US government’s external support agency, including freedom of the press.

According to the MCC report for fiscal year 2024, released yesterday, with data from independent organisations referring essentially to the year 2022, Mozambique maintains its negative “red” rating in the areas of Fiscal Policy, with a rating of 42%, Political Rights, with a score of 14 out of a positive minimum of 17, Land Rights and Access, with a rating of 41%, Immunisation Rates, with 35%, and Child Health, with a rating of 41%, as in the previous report.

However, it passed the “green” positive rating in the areas of Rule of Law, with a rating of 52 per cent, completion of primary education for girls, with 56 per cent, and primary education expenditure rate, with a rating of 97 per cent.

In addition, the MCC report states that Mozambique has also improved in the Freedom of the Press indicator, in this case with data from 2023, moving to a positive evaluation, with a record of 70 per cent.

The indicators analysed annually by the MCC – provided by international organisations such as the World Bank, WHO, IMF, UNESCO, Reporters Without Borders, among others – are a key component in the competitive country selection process that determines which countries are eligible to develop a five-year grant agreement, known as a compact, in the 2024 fiscal year.

In September, the Mozambican Executive signed the second 500 million dollar financing compact with the MCC in Washington, in the presence of the head of state, Filipe Nyusi.

The president of the MCC, Alice Albright, said on the occasion that this donation of 500 million dollars for coastal connectivity and resilience projects represents a “landmark moment” in relations with Mozambique.

“We’re going to help an estimated 15 million Mozambicans over the next 20 years in various aspects of daily life. We’re going to help restore fisheries, transport, agriculture, youth and women,” said Alice Albright, after signing the second financing compact for Mozambique on Capitol Hill in Washington, together with the Mozambican Minister of Economy and Finance, Max Tonela.

The Mozambique Coastal Connectivity and Resilience project, financed to the tune of 500 million dollars by the US government, plus the Mozambican government’s contribution of 37.5 million dollars, will improve transport networks in rural areas.

It will also incentivise commercial agriculture through political and fiscal reforms and improve coastal livelihoods through climate resilience initiatives in the central province of Zambézia.

“The United States is incredibly proud of the relationship it has with Mozambique and my agency, which is part of the US government, is deeply honoured to be able to sign our second agreement with Mozambique (…) we began our first agreement in 2004 and we will be working on the second, in various areas, to help the country with some of the impacts of the climate,” added the MCC president.

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