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UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Due This Week in Mozambique, and Cabo Delgado

UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Due This Week in Mozambique, and Cabo Delgado

Mozambique will on Thursday host the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Paula Gaviria Betancur, for a two-week fact-finding mission.

It will take her to the oil-gas-rich Cabo Delgado and neighbouring Sofala provinces.

Since insurgents linked to the Islamic State launched violent attacks that forced TotalEnergies to stop its liquefied natural gas project in the coastal city of Palma in 2021, both Cabo Delgado and Sofala provinces have experienced humanitarian situations leading to internal displacements (IDPs).

According to Cabo Delgadi a conflict observatory and monitor of political violence in Mozambique, since the insurgency started in 2021, there have been 4 786 recorded deaths, with 2 047 of those being civilians.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said in its latest report that, in October, there were 7 000 displacements in north-eastern Cabo Delgado following a string of insurgent attacks.

In all, since 2021, it is estimated that there are between 800 000 and a million people who have been internally displaced in Mozambique.

The UN said that, during Betancur’s 9-21 November mission in Mozambique, she will meet “government officials, representatives of the UN, other human rights, humanitarian and development partners, the private sector, civil society, faith-based organisations, and IDPs.”

The meetings will help her “gather first-hand information on the situation of internally displaced persons in the country.”

This will be a first-of-its-kind mission in Mozambique.

TotalEnergies hired Jean-Christophe Rufin, a human rights expert, at the beginning of the year.

Rufin’s job was to independently assess the situation in Cabo Delgado.

His findings will help TotalEnergies assess the possibility of its return to the area.

However, the situation in Mozambique has evolved to include IDPs affected by climate change-induced floods. 

Thousands of homes and public infrastructure, like schools and clinics, are yet to be reconstructed as another rainy season, usually accompanied by floods, approaches. 

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