Mozambique’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Verónica Macamo, said on Wednesday 6 December that the country had received 16.5 million dollars (15.2 million euros) this year from the UN Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to mitigate the effects of cyclones, floods, cholera and to support victims of terrorist attacks.
“We are convinced that all of us together, each doing our part, will overcome adversity,” said Verónica Macamo, speaking today at the CERF High Level Event to mobilise emergency funds for 2024, at UN headquarters in New York.
United Nations figures released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, quoted by the Lusa news agency, indicate that since the creation of CERF in 2006, Mozambique has received more than 122 million dollars (113 million euros) for humanitarian activities in the country.
The latest of these grants was awarded by CERF last September, worth 6.5 million dollars, for humanitarian aid to Mozambique.
“Just to illustrate, most recently, Cyclone Freddy alone, which hit Mozambique this year, affected around 1.3 million people, causing around 300 deaths and approximately 800 injuries, in addition to extensive damage to economic and social infrastructure, in a context where the country is still suffering from the devastating effect of Cyclone Idai, which occurred in 2019,” she said.
CERF is implementing two other grants in Mozambique for programmes to recover from the damage caused by the cyclones that hit the country in the first quarter, one for 9.9 million dollars (9.3 million euros), awarded on 5 April, and another for 4.9 million dollars (4.6 million euros), awarded on 15 December 2022, to support displaced people.
According to the information provided by the minister, Mozambique is hosting the Southern African Development Community’s Humanitarian, Emergency and Resilience Operations Centre in Nacala, Nampula province, which “is about to start its activities”.
“The Mozambican government is thus reaffirming its commitment to participate as an active protagonist in managing the impact of climate change on the country and the southern African region,” said Macamo.
The minister described the high-level meeting organised by CERF as “an important initiative that bears witness to the United Nations’ commitment to finding solutions to respond to emergencies caused by natural disasters”, while thanking the fund’s donors for the “valuable humanitarian assistance it has provided to Mozambican communities”.
The province of Cabo Delgado has been facing an armed insurgency for six years, with some attacks claimed by the extremist group Islamic State. This insurgency has led to a military response since July 2021 with support from Rwanda and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), liberating districts near gas exploration projects.
The conflict has already displaced a million people, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and caused around 4,000 deaths, according to the conflict registration project, ACLED.
Mozambique is considered one of the countries most severely affected by climate change in the world, facing cyclical floods and tropical cyclones during the rainy season, which runs from October to April.