Mozambique and Zimbabwe have signed a set of agreements for management of the hydrographical basins of the Buzi, Pungué and Save rivers, which both countries share, the Mozambican government announced in a statement.
The agreements provide for the construction of infrastructure and follow “the principle of rational use of water, improving flood forecasting and warning systems,” and implementing “mechanisms to respond to extreme events,” which are increasingly “more frequent and severe,” it added.
The documents were signed by ministers from the two countries and witnessed by their respective heads of state, during a trip by Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi to Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital, where he was received by Emmerson Mnangagwa.
“The agreements should allow for more effective management of resources and the construction of water resource management infrastructure,” Nyusi stressed on the occasion.
The Mozambican Minister of Public Works, Carlos Mesquita, considered the three river basins that cross central and southern Mozambique to be of “strategic importance.”
“It is in these river basins that the Chicamba hydroelectric dam, the Mavuzi dam, the Muda Nhaurire dam and the Gorongosa dam were built, which are vital for the economic development of Mozambique,” he said.
These are projects that contribute to the supply of water to the population, agricultural production, power generation, water supply to industry and environmental preservation, he said.
On the horizon is the ambition to build joint projects.
Mesquita referred to two infrastructures in Zimbabwean territory, but with impact in Mozambique: the Chipanda Pool dam, with a capacity of 510 million cubic metres, and the Chitowe dam, with a capacity of 50 million cubic metres, both located about 70 kilometres from the border.
“The allocation scheme would be defined during the mobilisation of funds and on the Mozambican side [a set of dams would be built] to help regulate flows and leverage agricultural and livestock development,” in the provinces of Gaza, Manica, Sofala and Inhambane, the Mozambican minister concluded.